The flipped classroom is a philosophical approach to learning that rids the classroom of the traditional setting where lectures are done during class and exercises on the subject matter are tackled at home. During their own time students study topics by themselves first, typically using video lectures and are expected to learn subject matter anyway they want to. The core concept of the flipped classroom is to literally flip the instructional approach and allow teachers adequate time to work with students individually.
Benefits of the concept include self-paced learning where the student has the ability to view lectures at home, at their own pace, and as many times as needed. With lectures being viewed at home, the instructor now has adequate time for meaningful interaction with students, as well as the opportunity to guide students through concept mastery.